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The most in-demand technical skills in South Africa for 2022

Johannesburg – The South African branch of recruitment group Michael Page released its Salary Guide and Hiring Insights report for 2022 in early February, and it was followed by the 2022 South Africa report from technology recruitment platform OfferZen.

Surveys generally agree that the most in-demand jobs in the tech industry involve:

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– Cloud computing

– Artificial intelligence and machine learning

– Data scientist

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– Software development

– Cyber ​​security

Cloud computing at the top of the charts should come as no surprise, as the pandemic has forced all kinds of businesses to digitally interact with staff and customers. Cloud services are particularly relevant for the many businesses that lack the experience or infrastructure for these new digital services and rely on third parties to implement, host and deliver solutions to the customer.

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Machine learning and data analytics often go hand in hand, and their rise in demand is due to very related factors. As we live more and more of our lives online, there is more and more data to collect and analyze (which powers much of the online economy through advertising), whether through humans or AI systems. These areas are unlikely to lose their relevance anytime soon.

Interest in cybersecurity naturally follows the growing demand for digital services. With the increase in online business, the surface for potential cyberattacks has increased. This demand is likely to continue to grow, especially given the wave of South African data leaks over the past year, often due to flaws in third-party database providers. While the specifics of the trade will necessarily adapt over time, cybersecurity professionals will likely always be in demand.

All of these roles encompass many different specific skills, especially something as general as software development. However, the reports also provide insight into the demand for specific programming skills across front-end, back-end, and full-stack roles.

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JavaScript is the most widely used programming language across the board, though it is narrowly beaten by regular Java in the leading roles. Demonstrating its growing popularity with beginners and professionals alike, spurred in part by the rise of machine learning, Python has established itself as the most desired future language developer in any role.

The ranking of the most popular cloud services puts Amazon’s AWS far ahead, with Microsoft Azure in second place and Google’s cloud platform leading the laggard. This trend seems quite robust, given Amazon’s (now somewhat infamous) investment plans for South Africa.

When it comes to most used frameworks, Node.js is widely used in all roles but comes second to React for frontend and ASP.NET for backend and full stack work. Surprisingly for backend work, React ranks fourth most popular, just behind Spring Boot. Despite developers’ reported desire to use more Python, Django sits at the bottom of lists of most used and sought-after frameworks.

Developers surveyed were the most excited about the future in the areas of AI and cloud technology, although crypto also climbed the ranks from previous years. It remains to be seen if this trend will continue as optimism and hype around blockchain technology seems to be waning.

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