Is ChatGPT, the Newcomer to the AI ​​Block, a Threat or a Treat?

ChatGPT caused a sensation in early December by registering one million users in five days. So what is ChatGPT? Is it a threat to Google and our jobs? This explainer will try to answer all your questions

ChatGPT is the latest chatbot from San Francisco-based company OpenAI (Representative image courtesy: iStock)

A new chatbot called ChatGPT caused a stir in the first week of December by registering one million users in just five days. To put that into perspective, Instagram took two and a half months to acquire one million users, while Facebook took ten months to reach that number.

So what is ChatGPT? This explainer will try to answer all your questions.

What is ChatGPT?

OpenAI, an artificial intelligence (AI) research and deployment company, launched ChatGPT on November 30. It was founded in San Francisco in late 2015 by Sam Altman, Elon Musk and others, who together invested $1 billion in the company.

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Musk resigned from the board in February 2018. In 2019, Microsoft and Mathew Brown Companies (the company that oversees Mathew Brown’s family’s financial investments) invested $1 billion.

ChatGPT is the latest in a series of AIs that OpenAI calls GPT, an acronym that stands for Generative Pre-Trained Transformer. An early version of this chatbot was refined through conversations with human trainers.

The chatbot writes poems, gives answers to essays and generates scenarios. Programmers use it to write code or identify errors. OpenAI has endowed it with the ability to correct grammar, summarize difficult text into simpler concepts, convert movie titles to emojis, and even fix bugs in Python code.

Read also: ChatGPT: the chatbot based on dialogue fascinates everyone with its answers, its solutions

It’s a powerful language-generating system that generates superior responses to what we currently get from Google, the most powerful search engine in the world. This led to a user contest giving it the most creative controls.

Some of the favorite prompts are:

“Explain to me General Relativity in the style of the Declaration of Independence”

“Describe to me artificial intelligence in the style of Victorian English”

“Can you explain nuclear fusion to me the Stephen King way?

“Write a Bible verse on how to remove a peanut butter sandwich from a VCR”

The difference between Google and ChatGPT

Google works by crawling billions of web pages, indexing that content, and then ranking it in order of most relevant or popular answers. It then gives a list of links that the user can click on.

ChatGPT offers something more appealing and useful for users looking for quick answers: a single answer based on its own research and synthesis of the information it has gone through. ChatGPT has been trained on millions of websites to extract relevant information and generate a clear and complete answer.

Also read: Google is working on an AI application to create images through text

Is ChatGPT a threat to Google?

ChatGPT’s main threat to Google in the future seems to be the fact that it gives a single, immediate answer that requires no additional reading of other websites.

So the question is, why doesn’t Google generate its own singular answers to questions like ChatGPT does?

The reason is that it would prevent people from scanning search results, which would hurt Google’s transactional business model of getting people to click on ads. Just over 81% of Alphabet Inc.’s $257.6 billion revenue in 2021 came from advertising, much of which was Google’s pay-per-click ads, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.

Sridhar Ramaswamy, who oversaw Google’s advertising and commerce activities between 2013 and 2018, says generative search from systems like ChatGPT will disrupt Google’s traditional search business “in a massive way”.

OpenAI did not reveal its future plans for ChatGPT. But if his new chatbot starts sharing links to other websites, especially ones that sell stuff, it could become a real threat to Google.

How accurate is ChatGPT?

ChatGPT does not reveal the sources of its information. One of his biggest weaknesses seems to be that sometimes his answers are just plain wrong.

Stack Overflow, a Q&A site for coders, temporarily banned its users from sharing tips from ChatGPT because the thousands of answers programmers posted from the system were often incorrect.

Also read: “Imagen”: Google AI technology will create HD video from your text prompt

What’s disconcerting about this flaw is that errors are hard to spot, especially when ChatGPT seems so overbearing. System responses “generally look good,” according to Stack Overflow. And by OpenAI’s own admission, they often sound plausible.

OpenAI initially trained its system to be more cautious, but the result was that it refused questions it knew the answer to. Going the other way, the result is something like students lying through an answer after not studying.

OpenAI warns that “ChatGPT sometimes writes plausible but incorrect or nonsensical answers”.

How will ChatGPT affect jobs?

As is the case with every advancement in artificial intelligence and machine learning, the internet seems to be worried about a potential bot takeover and how everyone’s jobs will be affected.

ChatGPT was interviewed by the BBC and had the following to say about how it will affect human occupations.

Did he think AI would take the jobs of human writers? No. He argued that “AI systems like me can help writers by providing suggestions and ideas, but ultimately it’s up to the human writer to create the end product.”

Also read: Elon Musk’s Optimus robot can water plants, lift boxes and even dance

Asked about the social impact of AI systems such as himself, he said it was “difficult to predict”.

Had he been trained on Twitter data? He said he didn’t know.

It still seems too early to speculate on the full impact of ChatGPT and similar AI systems on jobs. AI probably won’t make human workers obsolete, at least not for a long time.

In fact, 90% of large enterprises already have ongoing investments in AI technologies, and more than half report benefiting from increased productivity.

Artificial intelligence will create more jobs, especially in medical science, automotive and transportation, cybersecurity, e-commerce, and many other sectors.

(With contributions from the agency)

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