Working while pursuing an academic career is a common practice among students, who sometimes finance their studies, support their families or complete an internship to help them further strengthen their skills.
European countries have some of the most favorable laws, as a student is allowed to work while pursuing their studies, depending on the type of job, hours worked and the season, reports SchengenVisaInfo.com.
According to the official website of the European Union, students over the age of 15 are allowed to work, except for some countries which have a different full-time compulsory education limit. For example, all children between the ages of 6 and 16 must attend school in Italy, while the legal working age in Germany is 13, with parental permission, but these cases are rare.
In addition, specific conditions apply to working students, who are authorized to work only on cultural, artistic, sporting or advertising activities, as well as to work approximately 20 hours per week. The limit of working hours may depend on the season as students are more free during the summer season while other seasons are quite busy with school obligations.
Based on these laws, which differ by country, European countries offer some of the most favorable conditions for working students.
In France, students, including those from third countries, are allowed to work, usually in cultural, artistic, hospitality or other similar jobs, with the permitted work period running from September 1 to August 31. Students can work up to 670 hours. from September 1 to June 30 and no more than 300 hours during the summer seasons, including July 1 and August 31.
In addition, they can earn up to 60 percent of legal annual working hours per year, indicating that they can work more during breaks.
Students are also authorized to carry out internships during their studies, which requires a signed agreement between the employer and the student host organization, the internship being remunerated up to €600.60 per month if the duration of the course lasts more than two hours. Internships done for academic purposes do not count as work and do not count towards the 964 hours of work allowed per year.
The Scandinavian country is one of the most sought after by international students, especially for its labor laws, which do not limit holders of a residence permit in Sweden to work as many hours as they wish. However, the problem may lie in the fact that part-time jobs are quite rare to find. Doing an internship to better understand the Swedish work culture is highly recommended
“You can technically work as much as you want if you find a part-time job. We have no restrictions on this, unlike other countries. But remember. You are moving to Sweden to study. And going to class, working on homework, passing your classes – that will be your goal,” explains the official website for study opportunities in Sweden.
Specifically, as long as students devote up to 40 hours to their studies, they can continue to work as much as they want. In addition, the financial benefits are better since the average salary in Sweden can go up to €2,400.
Local students in Germany are allowed to work in their free time, but international students are allowed to work up to 20 hours per week during the semester, while during breaks there is no limit to how much they can earn by working in the country.
“Anyone from a country outside the EU can work 120 full days or 240 half days without the agreement of the Federal Employment Agency (Bundesagentur für Arbeit). Generally, an internship or freelance work is an option while pursuing university studies as an international student,” the federal government website reads.
However, for those who are self-employed in Germany, a prior consent permit from the Aliens Authority is required, which will determine the student’s occupation or delay at university.
Working in Denmark has its limits; however, the work can be more rewarding for student workers. Specifically, the student visa in Denmark grants its holders the right to work 20 hours per week during the school year and full-time during school holidays. Even for part-time jobs, students are paid almost €16 per hour as the average salary, which means the student can earn up to €1,280 per month.
Although payment may be lower than in other countries, with part-time jobs usually paying around €500, the number of hours international students in Finland can work is 25 hours per week during the school semester .
Additionally, during school holidays, students can work full-time without the need for a work permit, which has proven beneficial for thousands of international students, the majority of whom come from China, Russia, from Austria and Cameroon.
Working while studying is a very common practice in Norway, especially for international students who are allowed to work without a work permit during the first year of study in the Scandinavian country. However, after the first year, they must obtain a work permit and renew it, as well as provide additional documents.
Depending on wages, part-time workers can earn €3,500 to €4,000, but knowledge of the Norwegian language is required to get a job in this country.
The Baltic country allows students to work while studying, provided they hold a student visa. However, they can stay and work for six months if the students obtain university clearance after graduation.
The good news is that there are no restrictions on the number of hours an international student can work if they have fulfilled their academic obligation, such as having passing grades. The average salary in Estonia is around €1,300 per month before taxes.